In this article, we would like to share the commonalities, disparities, benefits, disadvantages, and ideal use cases for Java and Python.
Both these languages are superior in their capacities and performance, however, there are key differences between the two, which can help one decide which language to prefer for a business need.
The two long term stayers in the world of Development since the 1990s are Java & Python.
Background Of Python
Python was first released in 1991. It is an open-source. Python 2 arrived in 2000 and Python 3 since 2008 is on the scene. Python is developed under an OSI-Approved open source license. That makes it free to use and get distributed freely, even for commercial use. Python is easy to use even for first-time programmers. The Python Package Index (PyPI) hosts thousands of third-party modules for Python. Both Python’s standard library ad the community-contributed modules allow for endless possibilities. It has support for procedural programming, modular programming, and some aspects of functional programming.
Background Of Java
Java got released in 1995. Java is not a native language it is a compiled language. It is owned by Oracle and more than 3 billion devices run Java. Its execution model is machine centered. Java is more than just a language and libraries. It is also a virtual machine. The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is a portable platform for running Java code.It is dynamically linked, allowing new code to be downloaded and run, but not dynamically typed. As a language, Java’s Evolution has been relatively slow.
What Java Is Used For?
Java is designed for use in the distributed environment of the internet. It is used for the development of edge devices and the internet of things. It is used for:
• Mobile applications (especially Android apps)
• Desktop applications
• Web applications
• Web servers and application servers
• Database connection
What Is Python Used For?
Python can be used for developing desktop GUI applications, websites, and web applications. Also, Python, as a high-level programming language, allows you to focus on the core functionality of the application by taking care of common programming tasks.
Java takes the edge.
Python has less of a legacy problem as compared to Java. So, when legacy matters Python takes the edge.
3. Practical Agility
Both work well in different ways and in this, the competition stays at equal.
4. Human Resources
Java has been consistently more popular than Python, but Python has experienced considerable growth. Developers are seeing a great need to be master at one language for staying relevant in the market space.
Software Architecture is a matter of skill set, existing software systems, frameworks and libraries reuse and integration. Both Java & Python have a vast supply of open source libraries available, populated with code from individual developers and companies.
6. Market Demand
Python market seems to have more opportunities for Python programmers and statistics reveal that Python Developers are paid more than Java. This is one of the reasons why Python is gaining a significant role in the markets and it is easy to learn.
Python & Java are both popular and capable languages. Due to their wide use and popularity, resources are available for any kind of development be it Java or Python-based. It all depends on what you are planning to build.
If you are looking to make a choice between Java and Python for your business need, please feel free to Contact us.