Among all the Web frameworks being famous these days Django seems to be on the top of the list. It is a high-level Web framework that encourages rapid development and pragmatic, clean design. It has been around since 2005 built by a set of experienced developers, taking care of most of the hassle of Web development, so helping to focus on writing an app without the reinvention of the wheels. It’s an open-source and free of cost framework.
While many other frameworks also providing different advantages but Django is better than many other frameworks as it has covered the core requirements of building a web application. Some of the reasons for using Django are listed below.
• Ridiculously Fast
Django was designed at first to help developers build applications from plan to product as quickly as possible.
• Reassuringly Secure
Django is pretty much secure as it is one of the priorities of this framework and helps developers to avoid making many common security mistakes. It has out of the box protection for attacks like CSRF (cross-site request forgeries), SQL injection top the list and XSS (cross-site scripting).
• Incredibly Versatile
Many organizations, governments, and companies have used Django to build all sorts of applications — from social networks to content management systems to scientific computing platforms.
• Exceedingly Scalable
It provides an ability to quickly and flexibly scale. Some of the busiest sites like Instagram, Pinterest, Bitbucket etc on the Web leverage Django’s abilities.
• Fully Loaded
Django comes up with dozens of extras one can use to handle some of the most common tasks of Web development. Django can take tasks like content administration, RSS feeds, user authentication, site maps, and many more tasks under control — right out of the box. Users can be assigned specific permissions like giving superuser status, and the library helps with the functions for handling login/logout tasks. It also comes with an authentication library, which is installed by the package that supports the concept of groups and users.
Django also comes with a session management system, which helps in handling the persisting behavior of server-side sessions and their information and abstraction of the cookies passing as mechanisms of supporting session.
Django comes with all the parts needed to build a Web application, with minimal installation of separate components required. Django includes an ORM (object-relational mapper), a forms library, a template library, an administration interface, a URL dispatch mechanism, and other useful applications and support libraries. When Django is installed, as it doesn’t come with a Database all that's required is an external RDBMS, and configuring it to connect a database is simple.
There are a few cons in this framework that may not be a problem for some. First, the URL specifying with regular expressions is a hectic task to achieve, at least for fresher. It also feels bloated for small size projects, and some find it quite populated as the models are all included in a single file, for big projects. Errors in templates fail silently by default, so if one doesn’t know that, he might waste a lot of time to figure out what’s the actual issue that breaks the application, or in the worst case, one might not even know that the application has a problem.
Django is a heavier framework— if you're learning web programming, it can be a bit tricky to figure out which pieces are attached to one another and which are responsible for what functionalities, and what you should have to change to get the desired results. However, once you get the things going with Django, the extra work it handles can be really helpful and can save time in setting up boring components of a web application repetitively.
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